743rd ROB Murphy photo and Guy does "then and now " with some of the photos! Part II

Our friend in Belgium, Guy has been going through some of the Murphy 743rd ROB photos from 1941 and finding modern images of the locations in photos. (Beauvais) Thanks Guy! Anneesensstraat

Brug entrepot
Two GIs Astridplein

The American Engines USA 756th Railway Shop Battalion by Andrew Hemmings

The American Engines USA 756TH RAILWAY SHOP BATTALION (RSB) , NEWPORT

This article follows the story written by Mike Robinson in the September 2020 edition of 'TheRailway Observer'. 

Thanks so much top Andrew Hemmings for sharing this !

The 756th RSB was based at the Great Western Railway's Ebbw Junction Engine Shed at Newport , Monmouthshire (now South Wales). The shed was on the north side of the South Wales Main Line about one mile west of Newport Station.The 756th RSB was vital to the war effort between 1943 and 1945. During this time , between 700 and 800 S160 American engines were shipped into Newport from the USA. 

They were then “re-assembled , re-steamed and sent all over Britain and France to replace locomotives either damaged or destroyed in the conflict”. The first batch of 43 locomtives were transferred to the LNER Doncaster Works for completion and running in over the East Coast Main Line. This began a pattern by which the Big Four railway companies in Britain eventually deployed nearly 400 S160's under the guise of “ running in ”. In fact they replaced worn out engines and increased the capability of the British railway system. The reported allocations were 174 to Great Western Railway; 168 to London and North Eastern Railway;50 to London Midland and Scottish Railway ; 6 to Southern Railway. 

The second batch of around 400 S160's were prepared for storage by USATC personnel at Ebbw Junction in the months before D Day , 6th June 1944.After the invasion the locomotives at work across Britain began to be collected and refurbished at Newport in preparation for shipment to Europe. It is clear that the stratgic reason for bringing S160's to Newport was to support the invas ion of France , contribute to the reconstruction of European railways and aid victory over the Axis powers. In the short term their arrival and use may have brought some brif respite to hard pressed rail freight services in Britain.At the same time there were condiderable logistical challenges in finding secure storage. 

Thanks to Nancy Cunningham and the website US Army Railway Units of the Past we have permission to use 2 photographs from their collection of ' 756th Railway Operating Battalion' material. These are captioned 756th Railway Operating Battalion Crows Nest Junction England 1944 In fact these official photographs were taken in Wales at Penrhos Junction , Caerphilly and at Ebbw Junction itself . E. R. Mountford's book ' The USA 756th RSB Railway Shop Battalion At Newport ( Ebbw Junction) features the Ebbw Junction shot on the cover. Inside the caption reads “An Army Officer looks down at a rail yard in the 756th Railway Shop Branch (sic) Ebbw Junction Supply Depot, where railroad locomotives are being put into storage to await use for the invasion of the European continent (15th March 1944) Courtesy US Army Washington” 

It portrays at least 2 GWR pannier tanks and private wagons from local collieries , Llanbradach,Rose Heyworth and Bedwas. The same definitive volume depicts 119 locomotives on the Barry Railway line at Treforest in 1944 and lists 3 more storage sites at Tonteg , Cadoxton and Penrhos. The last of these contains engine number 2837 in the forefront of the long line of stored S 160's. For those keen to follow the story in greater detail 

I can recommend the archives at militaryrailwayservice.blogspot.com and “When Coal was King- Lost Railways, Penrhos Junction, Caerphilly” by John Wake on youtube. 

 Andrew Hemmings 

Railway Correspondence and Travel Society (RCTS) in Great Britain 

Link to all article on 756th on this blog HERE


 

743rd Railway Operating Battalion: 1940-1945: de bezetting van Antwerpen in 1000 foto's by Jean Dillen

1940-1945: de bezetting van Antwerpen in 1000 foto's by Jean Dillen (Author), Joris Wuyts (Author), AndrĂ© Vandenwynckel (Author) 

Guy shared his friend's book on the occupation of Antwerp and this is the page about the 743rd Railway Operating Battalion. Thanks Guy

U.S. Railroads Perform Huge Wartime Job

 

 

 

 Military Newsreels 1945 - Pathe U.S. Railroads Perform Huge Wartime Job Railroads airs war effort moving freight in wartime. Steam locomotive pulls long line of freight cars. Point of View (POV) of train Engineer looking down railroad tracks. Several views of freight train traveling through mountain region of America. Shadow scene of train crossing a railroad trestle. Excellent images of train engine puffing steam.

Army railroaders undergoing dramatic change

JOINT BASE LANGLEY-EUSTIS, Va. (Aug. 12, 2015) -- A transporter in the rather obscure corner of logistics called rail operations, Sgt. 1st Class Elrick Richburg literally has a boot on each side of progress. He has logged 17 years as a rail Soldier in the traditional sense but has spent the past two years helping to shape a future marked by dramatic change. 

That change, technically termed Army Rail Transformation, or ART, includes the consolidation of all three rail military occupational specialties and a shift from an operational mission to a strategic one. 

That doesn't bode well for a former infantryman and accustomed boots-on-the-ground, all-around railroader. https://www.army.mil/article/153773/army_railroaders_undergoing_dramatic_change

743rd ROB Murphy photo and Guy does "then and now " with some of the photos!

Our friend in Belgium,  Guy has been going through some of the Murphy 743rd ROB photos from 1941 and finding modern images of the locations in photos. (Beauvais) 

Thanks Guy!

Opera

Meir

dam-bredastraat


743rd Railway Operating Battalion - Don Murphy's photos (unnumbered photos part 2)

I inherited these photo albums from Mister Murphy when he was faced with moving from his home in 1996. He served under my Dad and thought quite a bit of him. These were unnumbered they are canned in no particular order.

743rd Murphy Part 6 by Nancy on Scribd

743rd Murphy Part 7 by Nancy on Scribd

743rd Railway Operating Battalion - Don Murphy's photos (unnumbered photos)

I inherited these photo albums from Mister Murphy when he was faced with moving from his home in 1996. He served under my Dad and thought quite a bit of him. These were unnumbered they are canned in no particular order.

743rd Murphy Part 1 by Nancy on Scribd

743rd Murphy Part 2 by Nancy

743rd Murphy Part 3 by Nancy

743rd Railway Operating Battalion - Don Murphy's photos (numbered photos)

 I inherited these photo albums from Mister Murphy when he was faced with moving from his home in 1996. He served under my Dad and thought quite a bit of him.

These were numbered like this by Don, I scanned them in order.

743rd Murphy Numbered 1-50 by Nancy on Scribd

743rd Murphy Numbered 51-100 by Nancy on Scribd

743rd Murphy Numbered 101-150 by Nancy on Scribd

Railroads and National Defense

 

This railroad film was produced by the Association of American Railroads to show how the railroads are operating during the Korean War.

Newsreel : Iron War Horse and Fighting Dutch

This newsreel is part of the Army/Navy Screen Magazine, a WWII newsreel program produced from June 1943 until early 1946 by the Army Signal Corps under the supervision of director Frank Capra. It includes several segments. First, "Iron War Horse" which shows the operational training of troops at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana to maintain railroads at the battle front. "Seized from the Japs" shows rare captured Japanese military newsreel films, including an amphibious assault. 
 
Finally "The Fighting Dutch" shows the people of Holland and their response to the German invasion, with Free Dutch forces joining the Allied fight -- training in Mississippi to fly P-40 Warhawks and other aircraft, and manning Dutch transport ships in the South Pacific and Africa. The Netherlands entered World War II on May 10, 1940, when invading German forces quickly overran them. On December 7, 1941, after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Netherlands government in exile also declared war on Japan. Operation Market Garden, which started in 1944, liberated the southern and eastern parts of the country, but full liberation did not come until the surrender of Germany on May 5, 1945. Camp Claiborne was a U.S. Army military camp during World War II located in Rapides Parish in central Louisiana. The camp was under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Eighth Service Command, and included 23,000 acres (93 km²). The camp was just north of the town of present day Forest Hill, near the intersection of U.S. Highway 165 and Louisiana Highway 112. To simulate wartime repairs of railroads, the Claiborne-Polk Military Railroad was built. 
 
The railroad was about 50 miles long and had 25 bridges. It crossed the Calcasieu River. It ran from Camp Claiborne—on the Missouri Pacific south of Alexandria—westward 48 miles to Camp Polk—on the Kansas City Southern south of Leesville. Construction began on 4 September 1941, and the Golden Spike ceremony was held on 11 July 1942. In October 1942, the soldiers who had built the Claiborne-Polk Military Railroad shipped out to Iran, where they helped operate the Trans-Iranian Railroad. The foundation of the locomotive shop and other remnants can still be seen. The 725th and other ROBs referred to it as the "Crime and Punishment" railroad, and was built by the 711th ROB and Army engineers. The engines used were 40 years old, and the freight cars, some not US made, were two generations old. Some European cars had only 4 wheels, and did not do well on curves. Derailments occurred so often that they pulled a crane to pick up derailed cars and repair the roadbed. Often, even the crane derailed. Sometimes the rails sunk under the swamp, and cars were lost in the quicksand. More than one engineer reported seeing the rails swaying and vibrating for some time after the train had passed. It was reported that one engine was lost in the quicksand and is still there.
 
 In other cases, buildings were erected on top of the lost equipment, using it as a foundation. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com

 

WAR TRAINS, Air Attacks Vol-3 | Civil War, WW1, WW2, Korean